BUFFALO LUMBER

Finding the Right wood is a love affair... Getting the Wrong wood is a nightmare!
 
You will Look at it every Day
Regret or REJOICE - it's your CHOICE!




Buffalo Lumber Company, Inc., Lumber - Retail, Woodbury, TN

A+  BBB Rating


Bevel Siding

1x6 Thin Bevel siding Clear grade pre-stained Cabots Bleaching Oil - TX CLEAR Bevel Cedar pre-stained "Bleaching Oil" - TX
1x8 Thick Bevel siding STK grade pre-stained Austrailian Timberoil Mahogany Flame STK Bevel Cedar Pre-Stained "Mahogany Flame" - PA

Bevel Siding is milled by resawing lumber at an angle to produce two pieces thicker on one edge than the other. The Bevel pattern - sometimes called Bevel lap or clapboard siding - has a triangular profile with a thick butt and a thin upper edge. BEVEL Lap siding should be installed with the lower thicker bevel butt edge overlapping the thin edge which results in an attractive shadow line.
 
Both faces are saw textured resulting in a perfect surface to soak in your stain or prime finish. Bevel siding is recommended for horizontal applications only.
 
Bevel cedar or redwood siding has a rustic warmth that is ideal for homes, cottages, and cabins.



Bevel Cedar Siding - PreStained & Racked to dry Bevel Cedar Siding - PreStained & Racked to dry
Western Red Cedar Bevel unit - Ready for Delivery Western Red Cedar Bevel unit - Ready for Delivery

 

Installed the thick butt edge over laps the thin creating an excellent weather barrier so that rainwater is shed from the siding. The minimum recommended board overlap at installation for 6" and 8" widths is 1 inch. Wider boards require greater overlap of 1 1/4th to 1 1/2 inch.
 
If we look at the diagram below we can see that this used to be a single board. After diagonal milling two new board surfaces are revealed. This surface which will be visible on your wall is manually graded at the mill to meet the different grade levels from CLEAR to STD&BTR appearance specifications.


Board Mill Cut to create BEVEL Pattern - No Rabbeted Edge


The diagonal cut through the middle creates a rough face that is useable for both pieces. However, the top and bottom of this stick which go against the wall and are not seen once installed do not have to meet the same exacting grade standards allowing more flaws.
 
The saw that cuts this stick in half diagonally can’t cut it to be smooth. It can only cut in half and produce a rough face. This rough saw-textured surface more fully absorbs the stain or paint finish. However, smooth surfacing which requires running the beveled board through a planer after milling is available upon request.

Western Red Bevel 1x boards being Milled into Bevel Siding Western Red Bevel boards
Western Red Bevel 1x boards Milled into Bevel Siding

 

BEVEL Pattern Profiles


There are 2 standard Bevel pattern profiles - Clapboard and Rabbeted Bevel
 
1. BEVEL Pattern: NO Rabbet; Clapboard; Colonial
 
BEVEL Pattern - No Rabbeted Edge Diagram
 
2. BEVEL Pattern: Rabbeted Edge; Dolly Varden
 
BEVEL Pattern - Rabbeted Edge Diagram


 

The Rabetted Bevel - Dolly Varden pattern is a special mill pattern that features a 1/2" - 3/4" notch in the thicker butt end of the board. This rabbeted edge cut allows the bevel siding panels to fit together in such a way as to protect joints from water infiltration.
 
The Dolly Varden Rabbeted Bevel profile is an easier install while provding the same traditional bevel style and appearance. You will appreciate both the beauty of our rabbeted bevel clapboard siding as well as the ease of installation.
 
The Western Wood Products Association (WWPA) and California Redwood Association (CRA) provide diagrams that are industry pattern standards but these are "guidelines" only NOT milling requirements. Each mill can interpret these guidelines differently. YOU need to confirm the actual pattern measurements whenever you buy wood siding.


 
1x6 Thin Bevel siding Clear grade pre-stained TWP Natural - FL CLEAR THIN 1x6 Bevel No Rabbet WRC stained - FL
1x8 Thick Bevel siding STK grade pre-stained Austrailian Timberoil Mahogany Flame STK THICK 1x8 Rabbeted Bevel WRC stained - PA

WAVY BEVEL - Haida Skirl Profile


BEVEL Haida Skirl Wavy Edge Diagram


Haida Skirl Wavy Bevel is a kiln dried Select Tight Knot Thick Butt siding - basically a THICK NO Rabbet Bevel but with a wavy edge. It is irregular in width due to the manufacture of this unique siding. Trained wavy edge siding operators create a random pattern on each piece, which varies depending on the knot structure, grain characteristics, and the number of knots along the bottom edge of the piece.
 
Haida Skirl wavey edge bevel siding is appealing for its individual character and rustic appearance. It is a look that can not be replicated by any other material.


1x12 Haida Skirl Red Cedar STK Select Tight Knott (STK) Grade 1x12" Haida Skirl WRC Siding, Stained - Kentucky cabin
WRC Haida Skirl Red Cedar siding boards This pattern is sometimes called "wavy bevel".

1x12" Haida Skirl "Wavy Bevel" on Kentucky cabin. This wavy edge pattern is sometimes called "wavy bevel". All siding and cedar trim was factory pre-finished with TWP "Cedartone" 1501 Semi Transparent stain.


BEVEL Thickness Profiles

Three main bevel siding thickness are usually available; THIN BEVEL -just under 1/2" butt, STANDARD BEVEL -just under 3/4" butt and THICK BEVEL 7/8" to just over 1" butt.
 
WARNING: all three sizes - thin, standard, thick - are sold as a nominal 1" board. Be careful to confirm when you are pricing your 1x6", 1x8", 1x10" redwood or cedar bevel siding which thickness you are being quoted.


Bevel Red Cedar Siding STK KD 1x8" Thin Bevel Red Cedar Siding STK - Pre-Stained
Cedar Clapboard THIN Bevel CLEAR FJ Cedar Siding Painted THIN Bevel CLEAR FJ Cedar Siding - Paint Finish

 
Standard thickness Bevel Red Cedar STK Siding KD Standard Thick Bevel STK Cedar Sided Home
Standard thickness Bevel WRC measured Standard thickness Bevel WRC measure

1x10 Thick Bevel Rabbeted Siding STK grade - PreStained Cabots 50/50 Bleaching Oil/Weathering Stain	- NY home
1x10" Thick Bevel Rabbeted Siding STK grade - PreStained Cabots 50/50 Bleaching Oil/Weathering Stain - NY home


 

Bevel Siding TRUE Measure


You might be wondering why our Buffalo diagrams above have letters - A, B, C - instead of actual measurements. That is because siding measurements can vary from mill to mill and lumber yard to lumber yard. Using letters allows us to confirm the TRUE dimensions with the mill before we sell to our customers.
 
NOMINAL SIZES are for identification only. Even though a pattern is called 1x6" or 1x8" that does not mean it measures 1 inch thick and 6 or 8 inches wide. Nominal 1x6, 1x8 refers to the size before the pattern profile is milled and NOT the board's final finished or "dressed" dimensions.
 
A 1" NOMINAL is usually 11/16ths inch thick. A 6" NOMINAL Bevel pattern is usually 5 3/8 - 5 1/2" wide which results in 4 3/8 - 4 1/8 inches of exposed face assuming a 1" board overlap. An 8" NOMINAL Bevel pattern is usually 7 1/8 - 7 1/4" wide which results in 6 1/8 - 6 1/4 inches of exposed face assuming a 1" board overlap. This is called the pattern's "exposure" - the visible part of the board when installed on your wall.
 
The Western Wood Products Association (WWPA) and California Redwood Association (CRA) diagrams are industry pattern standards and display actual numbers but they are guidelines not milling requirements. Over the years milled dimensions have shrunk (and continue to do so). Once you have calculated your project's SQUARE FOOT area you need to get the true dimensions - especially the exposure - of the bevel siding boards you are buying.
 
Read our BEVEL SQFT to LFT Coverage and "Buyer Beware" warning   to make sure you ask the right questions BEFORE you BUY.


 
1x8 Thick Bevel Red Cedar Siding STK 1x8 Thick Bevel Red Cedar Siding & Trim STK
1x8 Thick Bevel Cedar Siding pre-stained - PA workshop Pre-Stained Olympic "Cedar Natural" - PA Workshop

BEVEL Grades


Buffalo  CLEAR Grade CLEAR is the top of the line in any wood. This is an architect's grade - the rarest part of the tree, the hardest to get, the most expensive option.

1x4 Thin Bevel Siding - Clear Vertical Grain WRC 1x4 Thin Bevel Siding - Clear Vertical Grain
Bevel Clapboard CVG Cedar Siding Condominium in Mass CVG Cedar Siding Condominium in Mass

With Painted bevel applications you have to be very careful what type of wood you decide to paint. Knots will show through some paints and indications of knots are apparent in most painted applications. The wrong species can be disastrous under paint- ponderosa pine for instance will bleed pitch through the knots which causes major problems under paint.
 
When we quote painted wood to our customers we have 2 options- Clear Finger Joint Cedar and Primed+1 Top Coat SPF. Best results occur if you do primer + 1 topcoat at the factory and then you do final coat in field after installation. With properly installed FJ Clear Cedar expect 10 years with no trouble, a good chance at 15 with no maintenance and 20 years and beyond with periodic maintenance.

WRC Clear Finger-Joint (FJ) Grade for paint applications Clear Finger-Joint (FJ) Cedar Siding
Pre-Primed Rabbeted Bevel Siding Clear Cedar Finger-Joint (FJ) Grade for paint applications Pre-Primed Rabbeted Bevel Cedar Siding

 
WRC 1x4 Bevel Clear Finger-Joint (FJ) WRC 1x4 Bevel Clear Finger-Joint (FJ)
WRC 1x4 Bevel Clear Finger-Joint (FJ) Pre-Primed & Painted Home in Wisconsin Pre-Primed & Painted Home in Wisconsin

Buffalo  NEAR CLEAR Grade One appearance notch down from CLEAR is Buffalo Lumber's NEAR CLEAR grade which includes B&BTR, D&BTR wood Mill Grades that are "one off" CLEAR grade. NEAR Clear has very few, very tiny knots and a median price point for the "Knot so fond". Your appearance priorities will determine your budget with clear grades.

1x8 Bevel Redwood Sap B Near Clear Siding 1x8 Bevel Redwood Sap B Near Clear Siding
1x8 Bevel Redwood Sap B Near Clear Siding Pre-Stained Timberframed Home New York

Near CLEAR Redwood Sap B 1x8 Bevel Pre-stained Missouri Home
Buffalo NEAR CLEAR Redwood Sap B 1x8 Bevel Pre-stained Missouri Home


STK Grade is very popular and practical in Bevel installations. Buffalo Lumber's MILL SELECT TIGHT KNOTis graded to meet the “Tight Knot” description in any given rule book and is the first official “Appearance Grade” tier for commercial projects where codes have to be met.

Red Cedar 1x8 BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Grade
WRC 1x8 BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Grade

 

Western Red Cedar 1x8 BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Grade - CT Home Western Red Cedar 1x8 BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Grade - Connecticut Home


 

PRE-FINISHED Bevel Siding

The Factory Finish machine is set to a consistent stain, prime or paint film thickness throughout the entire run. Drying racks hold thousands of board feet in a controlled environment.
 
If you were talking about 2000 square feet in of 1x6" Bevel siding it would take 4800 lineal feet of wood to cover that area. If you are going to finish both sides that is almost 2 miles of wood you need to find a way to dry while keeping the bugs and dirt off of it.
 
Any professional worth his salt will admit that machines can do a better job and will definitely cost less than a manual application.

Diagram of Factory Finish Machine for pre-staining, pre-priming and pre-painting wood siding


PRE-FINISHED Bevel Cedar Siding on drying racks at mill
Western Red Cedar Bevel Siding
Factory Finished WRC Bevel Siding on drying racks
Mill Pre-Stained on drying racks

 
 

BEVEL Siding Industry Pattern Diagrams

BUYER BEWARE WARNING: The pattern measurements below are industry standards. HOWEVER individual mills often have their own pattern standards which vary from the norm (usually smaller). When you get ready to buy be sure to ASK for the exposed width to make sure you are buying enough SQFT of Wood Siding to complete the job!


(1) Bevel Patterns 320-323R 1/2 inch Rabbeted Resawn S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 320
 
(2) Bevel Patterns 329-331R 3/4 inch Plain Saw Textured S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 329
 
(3) Bevel Patterns 360-363 1/2 inch Plain Saw Textured S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 360
 
(4) Bevel Patterns 371-373 3/4th inch Rabbeted Resawn S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 371
 
(5) Bevel Patterns 391-393 3/4th inch Rabbeted Saw Textured S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 391
 
(6) Bevel Patterns 422-424 1 1/4 inch Plain Saw Textured S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 422
 
(7) Bevel Patterns 476-477 1 1/4 inch Rabbeted Saw Textured S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 476
 
(8) Bevel Pattern 400 1/2" x 4 inch Rabbeted Round Edge S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel Pattern 400
 
(9) Bevel Pattern 430 1x6 inch 2 Lap Round Edge Drop S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel pattern 430
 
(10) Bevel Pattern 431 1x8 inch 2 Lap Round Edge Drop S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel pattern 431
 
(11) Bevel Pattern 433 1x10 inch 3 Lap Round Edge Drop S1S2E
 
Redwood Bevel pattern 433
 

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Installing Bevel Siding


Experienced installers know that the nails from one piece of siding should never be nailed through the siding below. If the planned overlap of the two pieces of siding is 1", then the nail should be 1+1/2 inches above the bottom edge. This nail spacing allows each piece of siding to move easily as your wood siding naturally expands and contracts with the seasons. You can see in the image below that the nails are positioned in between the overlaps.
 
Inexperienced installers often nail along the bottom edge of the siding piercing the top portion of the siding immediately below the overlap. This pins each piece of siding and makes it nearly impossible for the siding to expand and contract with changes in the weather.

cedar bevel siding installation

 

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1x8 Thick Bevel Red Cedar Siding STK 1x8 Thick Bevel Red Cedar Siding & Trim STK
1x8 Thick Bevel Cedar Siding pre-stained - PA workshop Pre-Stained Olympic "Cedar Natural" - PA Workshop

 

BEVEL SQFT LFT Coverage


BEVEL patterns are often sold by the linear (or lineal) foot. To figure out how many linear feet (LFT) you need you must multiply the square foot area you plan to COVER by a linear factor based on the pattern width you have selected 6", 8", or 10". The Lineal Foot Factor is derived by dividing 12 inches by the individual pattern's "exposed" face - the width that is still visible after the siding boards are installed.


A) Calculate the square footage in walls: length x height = sq. ft.
B) Calculate, and then subtract, the square footage of openings
C) Add 10% to cover trim and waste = SQFT needed
D) Multiply SQFT result by the linear factor = LFT needed


BUYER BEWARE WARNING: The actual "dressed" widths and "Exposed Face" measurements below are suggested based on our experience in the industry. HOWEVER individual mills often have their own pattern standards which vary from the norm. When you get ready to buy be sure to ASK for the exposed width to make sure you are buying enough to complete the job!
 

BEVEL No Rabbet (Clapboard) Coverage Factors*

Nominal WidthDressed WidthExposed FaceLinear Ft Factor
4"3 1/2"2 1/2"4.8
6"5 1/2"4 1/2"2.66
8"7 1/4"6 1/4"1.92
10"9 1/4"8"1.5

* assume 1" overlap 4-8 widths 1+1/4" for 10"


BEVEL Rabbeted (Dolly Varden) Coverage Factors*

Nominal WidthDressed WidthExposed FaceLinear Ft Factor
4"3 1/2"3"4
6"5 1/2"5"2.4
8"7 1/4"6 3/4"1.78
10"9 1/4"8 1/2"1.41

* assume 1/2" rabbet 4-8 widths 3/4" for 10"


Haida Skirl Wavy Bevel Siding Coverage Factors*

Nominal WidthDressed WidthExposed FaceLinear Ft Factor
10"9 1/2"7 1/2"1.6
10"11 1/2"9 1/2"1.26

* assume 2" board overlap


Example of 1x8" Bevel Pattern Coverage estimation: If you are siding four walls 8 feet high by 40 feet long with 8" wide BEVEL NO Rabbet boards and you allow 10% of the total square feet for openings, you would need approximately 2400-2500 linear feet:

SQFT AREA: 4 * 8 * 40 = 1280 SQ FT - 128 (10% openings) + 115 (10% trim/waste) = 1267 SQ FT

8" BEVEL No Rabbet 1" overlap: 1267 SQ FT * 1.92 linear factor = 2433 LFT



 
Red Cedar 1x6 BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Buffalo Lumber MILL SELECT Grade PA
Red Cedar 1x6 BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Buffalo Lumber MILL SELECT Grade in Pennsylvania

May your own wood siding project turn out this great!   Western Red Cedar 1x6" BEVEL Select Tight Knott (STK) Grade - Stained TWP "Cedartone" - Pennsylvania Cabin


Help Us Answer Your Questions

Because we are committed to answering every request, our phones ring off the hook. In order to make sure you get the attention you deserve, we ask that you help us help you.

When you call our toll free line you will be asked a few questions to confirm if we can truly help with your project. If it looks like we can we will set up project consultation with a sales expert. This a 15 minute free consultation. If our products and services are a good project match, we will also give you a verbal "ball park" price and total cost estimate to help you plan your project costs.
 
BEFORE we can give you a Ball Park Price we will need to know the approximate square feet required and the Ship to location (city, state, zip). This information is used to make sure everyone who makes an appointment receives the advice and customer service we have promised. Your information will not be shared or sold.


CONTACT Buffalo Lumber
 
ABOUT Buffalo Lumber


Thick Bevel Rabbeted Siding STK grade - Stained Olympic # 712, Black Oak	- home  in North Carolina
1x8" Thick Bevel Rabbeted Siding STK grade - PreStained Olympic #712 "Black Oak" - home in North Carolina


1x8 Thick Rabbeted Bevel Western Red Cedar STK - Workshop in PA
1x8 Thick Rabbeted Bevel Western Red Cedar STK - Workshop in PA

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BUFFALO CUSTOMERS

Pictures and stories from Our customers to help you visualize Your Dream. Great ideas from people designing and doing Great things!

Craftsman - REDWOOD SIDING

The first thing that struck me about the Fanelli House was the WOW factor. I had been on several customer tours this trip and had seen some nice houses and good ideas but this was different. Set on the water this house has the WOW factor in spades ...
Home with NEAR CLEAR Redwood  Siding
Home with NEAR CLEAR Redwood "B" Siding

Craftsman - CEDAR SIDING

The Look - the clear cedar blends together gently - there are no seams. Dennis took the natural varying shades of cedar wood into consideration when installing each board to create a flow of hues ...
Home with CLEAR Western Red Cedar Siding
T&G CLEAR Western Red Cedar Siding Home

Home Owner - REDWOOD LUMBER

Designer Melody Jackson contacted us to source redwood lumber and soffit for her customer Dale Torok's Frank Lloyd Wright Jr. inspired stunning addition to his home in Lexington, Kentucky ...
Home with Redwood Lumber, Trim and Ceilings
Redwood Lumber wrapped Lexington KY Home

Home Owner - CEDAR SIDING

The Design - it started out as a horse barn with a 2 bedroom apartment built on the 2nd floor. Edwin had been planning to build new when a friend said "you could renovate this barn into something pretty nice if you wanted" ...
Home with Dutch Lap STK Red Cedar Siding
Home with Dutch Lap STK Red Cedar Siding

Home Owner - PINE LOG SIDING

Ed Rock is a shrewd businessman and keen negotiator. He knew the value of his dollar and he used it well. He has 7,412 SQFT Heated + 4592 SQFT Covered Porch = 12,004 SQFT under roof. He did the whole building for a total cost of $267,744 ...
Pre-finished 2x8 Pine Log Siding Home
Pre-finished 2x8" Pine Log Siding Home

Home Owner - PINE PANELING

The Home Owner had originally decided to go with sheet rock on the interior but after doing the research online decided on wood paneling. He found us on the internet and began looking through the wood paneling and wood siding products we showcase ...
Pre-finished UV Knotty Pine Paneling Home
Pre-finished UV Knotty Pine Paneling Home

Home Owner - HEWN LOG SIDING

Krystal and Chad of Upper State New York. One day while driving through their neighborhood they saw one of our customers who had purchased "Hewn Log Siding" which is a textured look designed to look more like real logs. The minute they saw it they KNEW ...
HEWN Pine Log Siding Home
HEWN Pine Log Siding & Corners Home

Home Owner - BLUE STAIN WOOD

When it was time to select the interior paneling Krystal said they wanted something that looked really old and Rustic. This is going to be their "forever" home so they wanted to make sure they got what they wanted... Pre-finished UV Blue Stain Knotty Pine Paneling Home
Blue Stain Wood Knotty Pine Paneling Home

Home Owner - REDWOOD SIDING

Brant called me one day with some questions. He had been given several cedar samples by a local lumber yard and one sample stood out from the rest under stain. No wonder - it was old growth vertical grain ...
CLear All Heart (CAH) Redwood Siding Home
CLEAR ALL HEART (CAH) Redwood Siding Home

Home Owner - CEDAR LOG SIDING

Brian in Missouri was our 1st U-Grade cedar log siding customer. Our DISCOUNT log siding is for the rustic customer looking for the cheapest way to cover their home or cabin with cedar log siding and still have something very nice to show for their money and effort. ...
Discount Cedar Log Siding Home
DISCOUNT Cedar Log Siding Home pre-finished

"I can't afford the home I want"

"We lost over 50% of our retirement fund in the last 3 years". I hear that a lot these days however some people are getting creative to achieve their Custom Wood Home dreams on the budget that is left. Here is what they did ...
Custom Wood Siding Homes - ON a BUDGET! Custom Wood Siding Homes - ON a BUDGET!

"I just need a paint grade wood"

People always say it like that means some less expensive lower grade of wood is fine because they are going to be painting the wood. That is absolutely NOT the case ...
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PAINTING Wood Siding - Not All Grades make the PAINT Grade