Red Oak Hardwood Floor - finished

Red Oak Hardwood Floor - Finished

White Oak Hardwood Floor - finished

White Oak Hardwood Floor - Finished

Buffalo Lumber's Red Oak and White Oak solid hardwood flooring is NOFMA Certified. Appearance determines the grade of each hardwood flooring piece. All grades are equally strong and serviceable in your flooring application. Red and white oak for hardwood flooring boards rank among the top hardwood species used for flooring. Extremely hard and durable but not too hard to work with. Rift grain, generally found in oak only, is the straightest grain free from most natural wavy (cathedral) wood variations. Because of this consistency, density and hardness, Oak hardwood floors retain their beauty through years of hard use and wear.
 
The main difference between the #2, #1 and Select grades is the amount of NOFMA allowed grain contrast, color and naturally occuring wood "figure" characteristics. "Figure" is the pattern produced in a wood surface by annual growth rings, rays, knots, deviations from regular grain, such as interlocked and wavy, and irregular coloration. Personally we like the #2!
 
The #2 common rustic grade is a value priced hardwood with all the same milling and finish of the higher grades. The #2 will contain more wood characteristics such as color variation, knots of all shapes and sizes, mineral streaks, checks, worm holes and grain burls. The #1 standard grade will limit these unique and natural characteristics while the exposed face of Select & Better will contain mostly clear, unmarked and unstained wood grain.


Red Oak Hardwood Floor - unfinished

Red Oak Hardwood Floor - #1 common grade - unfinished

White Oak Hardwood Floor - unfinished

White Oak Hardwood Floor - #1 common grade - unfinished


OAK FLOORING WHEN YOU ARE READY! We are proud to offer mill direct flooring delivery. This is the installer's dream. Your hardwood solid oak floor arrives in pristine condition. Minimal handling, no extended storage requirements, no worry about weather, just beautiful Red or White Oak solid hardwood floors ready to be installed.


 

Solid Oak Wood Flooring - Mill Direct to You!

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Red & White Oak Flooring #3 Common

2 1/4" Solid White & Red Oak Flooring Mix T&G
Unfinished - 700 SQFT Min - $665 per unit
VERY Limited Quantity


Oak hardwood flooring is usually synonymous with expensive. Not so for the character wood lover. The highest grades of solid oak hardwood flooring retail unfinished for over $3.00/sqft. It is designed to have minimal flaws and a very consistent grain pattern. When installed there is little variation, creating a seamless and clean appearance. It is a pleasing effect if you are going for the precision look.

We character wood lovers say BORING! Contrast is character, the more variation the better. Take a look at the grades chart, the top grades are almost anesthetic. As you go down the list they allow more contrast in the look (which is a good thing) and still offer a 85-90% useable product. A beautiful solid oak wood flooring perfect for the rustic character wood lover. Oh yeah by the way character wood flooring lovers save more than 100% over retail.

Wood character is cool, contrast creates history and the oak wood floor is gorgeous. The prices of our oak flooring make it even more appealing. Oak hardwood floors with knots and grains and contrast at ˝ price, sign me up! If you are a character wood lover you will know as soon as you look at the grade charts. We invite you to be cheap and knotty and laugh all the way to the bank.

The catch - When something is discounted there is always a reason why. In the case of our #3 common oak hardwood flooring the catch is –

More knots
Lots of Short Lengths
Flaws which do not prevent use
More oak grain variation (a good thing)
Mix of red and white oak flooring (a beautiful thing)

It all comes down to contrast in the oak wood grading system. The more contrast you allow the less expensive the wood. The manufacturers state that every piece can be utilized and that most flaws are not contained on the useable face of the product. 85-90% utilization means that perception is the biggest factor in the price. If you like contrast you will save big money.

The mix of red and white oak wood boards (a beautiful combination) is not noticeable to the lay person. When the flooring is stained the differences in the shades of wood add to the contrast effect which is a bonus for the character wood lover. The fact that they have more shorts means a little extra work for the savings. We will show you the look and the math and you can decide. Saving thousands of dollars makes character very appealing to us.

The down grade packages are sold in 700sq ft bundled lots. These are estimated footages and can vary slightly between units. NOFMA grading standards state that #3 common grade may contain natural variations of the forest product and manufacturing imperfections. The purpose of this grade is to furnish a floor suitable for cabins, utility use, or where character marks, material defects, contrasting appearance and low cost is desired. Some pieces may not be usable. It is recommended that the customer add 10 to 15% waste to their order.

oak flooring photo 1

Hardwood Oak Flooring - with usable flaw

oak flooring photo 1

Oak Flooring #3 - Texture, Grain and Contrast at 1/2 the price!


Janka Hardness Scale

janka scale

Janka Hardness Test © Home-Cost.com 2006

A wood's relative hardness is determined with the Janka Rating System, which measures the force required to drive a .444 inch steel ball into the wood until half the diameter of the ball is imbedded in the wood.

The Janka Hardness Scale rating has become the industry standard for determining whether a given wood is suitable for flooring material. Red Oak, which has a Janka rating of 1290, is the industry benchmark for comparing the relative hardness of different wood species.

The majority of hardwoods and many softwoods are durable enough to withstand normal flooring use - especially with proper installation and finishing. In most cases the natural beauty of wood floors can easily be restored by sanding and refinishing the flooring. However, the buyer needs to be aware that wood will dent or mar with a hard enough impact andto select wood species according to planned floor use.



Wood Flooring Grading Standards


The NOFMA Standard - You know you're getting a consistent product because NOFMA members' grades are certified. NOFMA's Wood Flooring Manufacturers Association has been the voice of authority for the wood flooring industry since 1909. Beware of grade names other than NOFMA's Hardwood Select, #1, #2 and #3.

Buyer beware: Be sure that the other hardwood grade names you find on the net such as "Chararcter C & Better" can be matched to one of these NOFMA certified grades.

The National Wood Flooring Manufacturers Association (NOFMA) certification requires manufacturers to meet strict standards in the four critical areas of wood flooring manufacture: Grade, Configuration, Moisture Content and Average Length. These standards include rules for tongueand groove fit and location, flooring thickness, end-squareness, width consistency, moisture content, average length, and grading standards. The standards are in place to ensure that flooring purchased from a NOFMA-certified manufacturer will fit together neatly and the installed floor will not require excessive sanding. NOFMA standards call for moisture content at manufacture to be compatible with the range of site conditions likely to be encountered so that the end-user can be assured the flooring will perform as expected, without experiencing excessive gaps, cupping, crowning or buckling. NOFMA’s minimum average length requirements help ensure that expectations are met regarding ease of installation, coverage and frequency of end-joints."

Bundles shall be 1-1/4' and longer through 8', as the stock will produce.

Appearance alone determines the grade of each hardwood flooring piece all grades are equally strong and serviceable in any application.

Flooring generally free of eye catching blemishes is known as "Clear", though it still may contain burls, streaks and pinworm holes. "Select" is almost clear, but this grade contains more of the natural color variations and characteristics such as knots and other marks. The Common grades, #1 and #2, have more markings than either of the other two grades and are often specified because of these widely varied natural features and the "strong" character they bring to floors. NOFMA standard varies by grade and wood species.

SELECT & BETTER

Not over 55% of the total footage shall be in bundles under 4'; Not more than 25% of the total footage shall be in 2' bundles, and not more than 10% of the footage shall be in 1-1/4' bundles.

Red Oak

A flooring product with coloration variations produced by differences of natural heartwood and sapwood, along with characters described.

The face may contain: unlimited sound sapwood; slight imperfections in milling; a small tight knot every 3'; pin worm holes; burls and a reasonable amount of slightly open checks. Brown streaks should not extend the entire length of a piece. Two flag worm holes to every 8' are permitted. Slight imperfections in face work (torn grain) admitted. An intermittent, brown machine burn across the face not exceeding 1/4" width admitted. Also, a slight quantity of bark on the back or sides admitted. Will admit pieces with 1/2 tongue. Spot filling is generally required for open characters.

White Oak

A flooring product with coloration variations produced by differences of natural heartwood and sapwood, along with characters described.

The face may contain: unlimited sound sapwood; slight imperfections in milling; a small tight knot every 3'; pin worm holes; burls and a reasonable amount of slightly open checks. Brown streaks should not extend the entire length of a piece. Two flag worm holes to every 8' are permitted. Slight imperfections in face work (torn grain) admitted. An intermittent, brown machine burn across the face not exceeding 1/4" width admitted. Also, a slight quantity of bark on the back or sides admitted. Will admit pieces with 1/2 tongue. Spot filling is generally required for open characters.

#1 COMMON

Not over 60% of the total footage shall be in bundles under 4', not more than 27% of the total footage shall be in 2' bundles; and not more than 15% of the footage shall be in 1-1/4' bundles.

Red Oak

A flooring product which contains prominent variations in coloration and varying characters.

The following are not admitted: broken knots over 1/2" in diameter, large grub worm holes; and splits extending through the piece. Open characters such as checks and knot holes are admitted, but must be sound and readily fill. Not more than 20" scant stock in thickness allowed to every 5'. Minor imperfections in machining permitted. Shall admit sticker stain; varying wood characteristics, such as flag worm holes, heavy streaks, checks, and worm holes; and an occasional dark machine burn across the face not exceeding 1/2" wide, 1/64" deep and not more than two each 3'. 1/4 tongue allowed. Extremely dark pieces are not to be included.

White Oak

A flooring product which contains prominent variations in coloration and varying characters.

The following are not admitted: broken knots over 1/2" in diameter, large grub worm holes; and splits extending through the piece.

Open characters such as checks and knot holes are admitted, but must be sound and readily fill. Not more than 20" scant stock in thickness allowed to every 5'.

Minor imperfections in machining permitted. Shall admit sticker stain; varying wood characteristics, such as flag worm holes, heavy streaks, checks, and worm holes; and an occasional dark machine burn across the face not exceeding 1/2" wide, 1/64" deep and not more than two each 3'. 1/4 tongue allowed. Extremely dark pieces are not to be included.

#2 COMMON

Not over 85% of the total footage shall be in bundles under 4'; and not more than 55% of the total footage shall be 1-1/4' bundles.

Red Oak

May contain sound natural variations of the forest product and manufacturing imperfections. The purpose of this grade is to furnish a floor suitable for homes, general utility use, or where character marks and contrasting appearance is desired.

The following are not admitted: shattered or rotten ends, large broken knots, excessive bad millwork, shake, advanced rot, and similar unsound defects. Dark machine burns exceeding 3/64" deep not admitted. Knot holes and open characters which will readily fill are admitted. A limited number of pieces with no tongue which may be face nailed are admitted.

White Oak

May contain sound natural variations of the forest product and manufacturing imperfections. The purpose of this grade is to furnish a floor suitable for homes, general utility use, or where character marks and contrasting appearance is desired.

The following are not admitted: shattered or rotten ends, large broken knots, excessive bad millwork, shake, advanced rot, and similar unsound defects. Dark machine burns exceeding 3/64" deep not admitted. Knot holes and open characters which will readily fill are admitted. A limited number of pieces with no tongue which may be face nailed are admitted.

#3 COMMON

May contain natural variations of the forest product and manufacturing imperfections. The purpose of this grade is to furnish a floor suitable for cabins, utility use, or where character marks, material defects, contrasting appearance and low cost is desired. Some pieces may not be usable it is recommended that the customer add 10 to 15% waste to their order.

Rustic #3 common is sometimes called Cabin Grade or Tavern Grade. Cabin Grade will have more of the wood's natural flaws such as: unlimited sound knots with open cracks to 1/2", wormholes, bark pockets, open checks and splits to 1/4" x 3". The face may contain the following imperfections in the finishing: bubbles, skips in the finish, lines, stain/color variations, surface handling scratches, rough finish, unlimited white grain, debris to a quarter of a piece and wood filler.

However, the following characters are NOT admitted: mis-manufactured boards, shattered or rotten ends, large open knots and other unsound defects of similar nature, pieces with less than a quarter of a full tongue, and delamination.

Wastage is highly dependent upon the quality of floor desired. When installed by a professional flooring installer familiar with cabin grade grading rules, there is around 10-15% wastage factor.



NOFMA EXAMPLE GRADE COMPARISON


 

"Where the Cedar Meets the Redwood"
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National Shipping and Delivery

WE DELIVER EVERYWHERE!


Each delivery is quoted individually after the products have been selected. We carry products from suppliers located all across the country. Each delivery will be calculated based on location of customer, location of product manufacturer and weight of total shipment.
 
Mill Direct to You – Freight brokered straight to customer (this requires the customer have enough room to fit a semi truck into and out of the delivery area, customer provides forklift to unload at job site) 3 to 4 week average turnaround.


LOADED TO GO!


 

International Shipping and Delivery

Container loading available!


Buffalo Lumber offers full 20 and 40 foot container quotes internationally. Europe, Asia, anywhere a container will go we can get it there. At this time Buffalo Lumber can only quote full 20 and 40 foot containers, smaller shipments would be customer arranged.

 

Delivery to and around the following US Cities and Zips:


CITY STATE ZIP CITY STATE ZIP CITY STATE ZIP
Boston Massachusetts 02108 Nashville Tennessee 37204 Houston Texas 77004
Pawtucket Rhode Island 02860 Knoxville Tennessee 37914 Galveston Texas 77550
Nashua New Hampshire 03060 Memphis Tennessee 38131 Laredo Texas 78046
Concord New Hampshire 03301 Jackson Mississippi 39201 San Antonio Texas 78204
Portland Maine 04101 Louisville Kentucky 40202 Corpus Christie Texas 78401
Bar Harbor Maine 04609 Lancaster Ohio 43130 Austin Texas 78704
Burlington Vermont 05401 Columbus Ohio 43229 Amarillo Texas 79101
Hartford Connecticut 06101 Cleveland Ohio 44101 Lubbuck Texas 79406
New Milford Connecticut 06776 Cincinnati Ohio 45204 El Paso Texas 79821
Mt. Laurel New Jersey 08054 Dayton Ohio 45401 Denver Colorado 80012
New Egypt New Jersey 08533 Indianapolis Indiana 46201 Boulder Colorado 80301
New York New York 10004 Oak Park Michigan 48237 Erie Colorado 80514
Syracuse New York 13201 Detroit Michigan 48242 Fort Collins Colorado 80525
Buffalo New York 14204 Grand Rapids Michigan 49506 Colorado Springs Colorado 80904
New York New York 14280 Des Moines Iowa 50301 Ft Carson Colorado 80913
Rochester New York 14604 Milwaukee Wisconsin 53204 Durango Colorado 81301
Pittsburg Pennsylvania 15122 Madison Wisconsin 53562 Grand Junction Colorado 81501
Scranton Pennsylvania 18505 Minneapolis Minnesota 55401 Aspen Colorado 81611
Philadelphia Pennsylvania 19104 Perham Minnesota 56573 Vail Colorado 81657
Washington District Of Columbia 20001 Rapid City South Dakota 57702 Cheyenne Wyoming 82007
Germantown Maryland 20874 Fargo North Dakota 58104 Casper Wyoming 82609
Annapolis Maryland 21401 Helena Montana 59601 Gillette Wyoming 82716
Alexandria Virginia 22304 Bozeman Montana 59715 Boise Idaho 83702
Richmond Virginia 23231 Chicago Illinois 60601 Tooele Utah 84074
Chesapeake Virginia 23325 Springfield Illinois 62701 Salt Lake City Utah 84101
Virginia Beach Virginia 23454 St. Louis Missouri 63101 Phoenix Arizona 85003
Charleston West Virginia 25301 Springfield Missouri 65807 Tucson Arizona 85701
Cowen West Virginia 26206 Olathe Kansas 66061 Albuquerque New Mexico 87104
Raleigh North Carolina 27604 Topeka Kansas 66603 Santa Fe New Mexico 87505
Charlotte North Carolina 28204 Wichita Kansas 67201 Las Vegas Nevada 89044
Lugoff South Carolina 29078 Omaha Nebraska 68104 Carson City Nevada 89701
Columbia South Carolina 29201 Lincoln Nebraska 68501 Los Angeles California 90001
Charleston South Carolina 29401 New Orleans Louisiana 70112 Rancho Cucamonga California 91701
Atlanta Georgia 30303 Shreveport Louisiana 71101 San Diego California 92101
Atlanta Georgia 30313 Mc Gehee Arkansas 71654 San Francisco California 94104
Jacksonville Florida 32099 Little Rock Arkansas 72201 Willits California 95490
Tallahassee Florida 32301 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 73104 Arcata, Eureka California 95521
Miami Florida 33109 Tulsa Oklahoma 74117 Sacramento California 95814
Madison Alabama 35756 Plano Texas 75024 Portland Oregon 97204
Huntsville Alabama 35801 Dallas Texas 75201 Seattle Washington 98104
Montgomery Alabama 36101 Ft Worth Texas 76109 Olympia Washington 98502

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